Teologia w Polsce - Półrocznik Towarzystwa Teologów Dogmatyków. Nowa seria

 9,2 (2015)

SPIS TREŚCI
(table of contents)

summaria

5-21
23-35
37-52
53-74
75-93
95-114
115-130
131-147
149-165
167-178
179-193
195-212
213-230
231-249

recenzje
sprawozdania

artykułów / items: 14

Królikowski, J., Sakrament pokuty i pojednania. Kryzys współczesny i kryzys doktrynalny, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 53-74
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THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE. CONTEMPORARY CRISIS AND THE DOCTRINAL RESPONSE
Summary
The sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation - a confession - in the recent decades has become a subject of manifold theological interpretations which have influenced its practicing. Recursively suggested interpretations have resulted in various critical moments in its practicing, or at least they contribute to the rise of suspicions directed at it. The situation calls for reconsideration of certain aspects of the theology of the sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation. It appears that the Church doctrine preserved in this matter implies the need for consideration of the three most vital questions, namely: what is the specific grace of the sacrament of Penance, what does the likeness of Christ, resulting from this sacrament, consist in, and how is the actual ecclesiality of the sacrament manifested. This article focuses on these three questions, positioning itself in a direct reference to the mentioned symptoms of the crisis in the sphere of sacramental penance. In the case of the first question the reader's attention is brought to the relation between the sacrament of Penance and Baptism, which makes it possible to grasp the specificity of sacramental penance. The second question emphasises the truth that the likeness of Christ the Redeemer, who through his death judges men's sins, may be achieved only by penance. As far as the third question is concerned, it is reminded that through conversion and penance a Christian renews his bond with the Church that in turn supports the sinner in the act of conversion and penance.
odsłon: 883

Kunka, S., Ukrzyżowany i Zmartwychwstały jako Syn przyjęty przez Ojca. Personalistyczny przyczynek do trynitarnej koncepcji ekonomii zbawienia (2), Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 95-114
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THE ONE CRUCIFIED AND RISEN AS SON RECEIVED BY FATHER. A PERSONALISTIC CONTRIBUTION TO THE TRINITARIAN CONCEPTION OF THE ECONOMY OF SALVATION (2)
Summary
The inspiration to write this article is to a large extent the text of the not given conference no of late Fr. Eugeniusz Dutkiewicz SAC (†2002), one of the precursors of the hospice movement in Poland. The article consists of four points. The first point shows that the suffering person can go the way of liberation from himself and rely on God. The human body has a dialogical structure, and thus the man by the conscious act of devotion can become a victim. Christ's sacrifice should be understood that way. He offers a sacrifice from himself to the Father. It is a sacrifice of love, obedience and boundless devotion to the Father. The Father's adoption of the Son's sacrifice is testified by the fact that "God raised him from the dead" (Rm 10: 9). For his friends, and through them to the whole world, the Risen Jesus is a revealer of love of the Triune God, Source, Redeemer and Giver of life.
odsłon: 469

Lekka, D., Misteryjno-sakramentalne uczestnictwo w Passze Chrystusa w ujęciu Wacława Hryniewicza OMI, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 149-165
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THE MYSTERIOUS AND SACRAMENTAL PARTICIPATION IN THE PASCHA OF THE CHRIST ACCORDING TO THE WACŁAW HRYNIEWICZ OMI
Summary
The article is an attempt to systematize, in a critical way, the way of human participation in the Pascha of the Christ according to the Wacław Hryniewicz OMI. It demonstrates the mysterious and sacramental way of that participation by the Word of God and the seven sacraments. The article shows Hryniewicz's thought about mysterious participation by the adopting the Holy Word of God and its proclaiming. In the next part, the article discusses the sacramental participation and enumerates the seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Matrimony and Holy Orders. It demonstrates how the paschal mystery of the Christ is present in them and allows human to participate in the mystery of redemption.
odsłon: 687

Liszka, P., Niezapomniana lekcja historii początków Ameryki Łacińskiej, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 23-35
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BEGINNING OF LATIN AMERICA
Summary
The inhabitants of the sun-scorched rocky Pyrenean peninsula could at least in some of the terrain of South America discover a new paradise, lost arcadia, a land of primeval bliss. The very names of the cities seem to bear out this impression: Buenos Aires (Good Air) or Costa Rica (Rich Coast). Still, it was the idea of continuity, i.e. building the new world with the cultural roots in the old, on the old continent. Both Spanish scholars and ecclesiastical authorities favoured this idea. The indigenous population was recognised as citizen with full rights and who as such were deemed able to take over the Spanish cultural heritage and enrich it with their own. This ideal design failed to be completed for a variety of reasons. The political stage in Europe absorbed the strength and attention that could otherwise have been directed to America. The golden age of cultural and economic development in Spain was followed by years of drawbacks, decline and implosion. America lacked the support from the old continent that it needed. No wonder then that the sinful side of the human nature took the upper hand over the virtues: these included greed and competition for power. The newcomers from Spain would attain affluence at the cost of the Indians turning them into serfs. Nowadays their offspring has long been free, but they have also remained destitute. On the contrary, the America settled by Anglo-Saxons has always been the America of free colonisers. The Iberian America is a mix of colonisers and indigenous peoples, of the descendants of the free and the enslaved.
odsłon: 348

Murawska, A., Kosmiczny wymiar pełni zbawienia w Chrystusie Paschalnym w ujęciu ks. Wacława Hryniewicza, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 131-147
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THE COSMIC DIMENSION OF THE FULLNESS SALVATIONS IN PASCHAL CHRIST IN THE SEIZURE OF WACŁAW HRYNIEWICZ
Summary
The reflection of Hryniewicz concerning the fullness of the salvation concentrates first of all on the Paschal Christ, treated integrally in the Incarnation of the Son, in His Ascension, and the Parousia, and then embraces the man saved by Jesus Christ.
In the cosmic perspective of Resurrection of Christ he takes into account the role of Holy Spirit. Hryniewicz thinks that all, what took place in the Body of Christ, is a prototype, a reason and an anticipation of this, what is supposed to take place in the entire cosmos. In the entire reflection the indistinct division is scratched on the eschatology individual and general.
With the essential present motif in the reflection in the theology of Hryniewicz is the problem of the tension between times and eternity. In solution of the matter he uses the category of the time changed, what grants to statements with him related the hypothetical character.
odsłon: 646

Nawracała, T., Konieczność a niemożność. Ciało Chrystusa ubogiego według Franciszka, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 115-130
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NECESSITY AND INDELIBILITY. THE BODY OF POOR CHRIST ACCORDING TO FRANCIS
Summary
Pope Francis frequently refers to dramas of human life in his speeches. Disease, suffering and poverty are issues which move every man, especially Christians. In Pope Francis's statements the expression 'the Body of Christ' appears very often. This expression should inspire to provide love to every fellow human being that we meet. This paper points to understanding this expression itself in the Holy Bible teaching and Church tradition, and then it shows opportunities of its application to systematic theology. Such theology must very carefully approach the interpretation of the 'body' expression, which already in Greek authors had varied but precise meaning.
odsłon: 320

Roszak, P., Dwie prędkości teologii? O celu, metodzie i perspektywach teologii analitycznej, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 75-93
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THEOLOGY OF TWO SPEEDS? THE PURPOSE, METHOD AND PERSPECTIVES OF ANALYTIC THEOLOGY
Summary
Recently there has been an increased interest in classical theological matters by philosophers of religion and at the same time the positive attitude of theologians towards analytical tools which have been previously regarded as some kind of "language games". It seems that contemporary theology develops at two speeds, namely as an attempt to synthetic embracing of the whole reality but also as analytical search for consistency and coherence. This is the result of a long process which overcomes the paradigm of positivist logic and creates a program of the so-called analytic theology. The main text of this movement, published in 2009, formulated the basic tasks of analytical theology which is the continuation of philosophical theology. On the one hand it voices concern for conceptual clarity and focuses on the analysis of sentences with clear theological meanings. On the other hand, some representatives of analytic theology perceive its spiritual potential. Theoretical reasoning also serves the Christian way of virtues, both moral and intellectual. Following the latest literature of the subject, the article emphasises the strengths and weaknesses of analytic theology and the challenges which arise with its presence at the theological scene of the 21st century.
odsłon: 491

Samiec, Ł., La naturaleza misionera de la Iglesia en su función soteriológica a la luz de los documentos de Concilio Vaticano II, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 167-178
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El Concilio Vaticano II en la Constitución Lumen gentium muestra el misterio de la Iglesia en relación con la Santísima Trinidad. En la perspectiva como el fruto del amor, que une al Padre con el Hijo en el seno de la Trinidad: justamente con la fuerza de este amor el Padre quiso unir a toda la creación en su Hijo. Mysterium Ecclesiae surge por lo tanto de Mysterium Trinitatis. Además en el Decreto sobre la actividad misionera de la Iglesia se defi ne que: "La Iglesia es misionera por su naturaleza, puesto que toma su origen de la misión del Hijo y del Espíritu Santo, según el designio de Dios Padre" (AG 2). Con esta afi rmación el Concilio ha defi nido en su esencia la dimensión misionera de la Iglesia, y ha reafi rmado que la predicación del Evangelio a todos los hombres es la principal tarea de la Iglesia - la salvación.
THE MISSIONARY NATURE OF THE CHURCH AS A SALVIFIC ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF THE SECOND VATICAN COUNCIL DOCUMENTS
Summary
The Second Vatican Council in the Constitution Lumen gentium shows the mystery of the Church in relation to the Holy Trinity. In the perspective as the fruit of love which unites the Father with the Son within the Trinity: just on the strength of this love the Father wanted to unite all creation in his Son. Mysterium Ecclesiae arises therefore Mysterium Trinitatis by. Also in the Decree on the Missionary Activity of the Church defi ned it: "The Church is missionary by nature since its origin in the mission of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, according to the plan of God the Father" (AG 2). With this statement the Council has identified in its essence the missionary dimension of the Church, and it reaffirmed that the preaching of the Gospel to all men is the main task of the Church - salvation.
odsłon: 747

Sienkiewicz, E., Paschalne urzeczywistnienie Kościoła w nowej ewangelizacji, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 37-52
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PASCHAL REALIZATION OF THE CHURCH IN THE NEW EVANGELIZATION
Summary
The proclamation of the Good News, which is the primary task of the Church founded by Jesus, should have a paschal character. Celebrated by Jews Passover not only promises, but also prepares the fi nal victory over sin and death, accomplished through Jesus Christ in the Paschal Mystery. Paschal character has therefore the event of Jesus and the Church created as its consequence. Paschal character should also have all offices and functions in the Church, used to make present the kingdom of God on earth that can not be limited only to the temporal. Similarly he Kingdom of God can not be completely isolated from temporality. The best explanation of this is the reality of Passover, which combines memory and present, history and the eschatological future. The Church, fi lling the missionary command of Jesus, makes this on the paschal way, giving the paschal character to all of its offices and functions. In the same sense, he understands and leads the work of evangelization in every cultural and historical context.
odsłon: 352

Szymik, J., Tak, Ojcze. Chrystologia modlitwy w ujęciu Josepha Ratzingera / Benedykta XVI, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 5-21
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YES, FATHER. CHRISTOLOGY OF PRAYER ACCORDING TO JOSEPH RATZINGER/BENEDICT XVI
Summary
Ratzinger shows christological specificity of Christian prayer against the background of the universal phenomenon of prayer based on existential imperative of human transcendental search for sense and longing for the Other. First of all, it consists not so much in the specific spiritual practice as a moral duty, as it has an ontological source. Jesus convinces of that on the pages of the Gospel, when He reveals the very essence of intertrinitary relations in His man's prayer (both in its content and form) to His Father. The essential relationship between love and submission, adoratio and proskynesis, expressed by the filial communion with the Father's will, also in the time of death, is a salutary 'yes' for us of God's promises and defines what human piety actually is. Christian prayer consists in participating in the prayers of Jesus and - as such - it constitutes the foundation and essential experience of the Church.
odsłon: 842

Walczak, M., Potencjalna bezżenność chrześcijanina jako znak zwycięstwa nad bożkiem seksualności. Refleksje teologiczne, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 179-193
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POTENTIAL CELIBACY OF CHRISTIANS AS A SIGN OF VICTORY OVER AN IDOL OF SEXUALITY. THEOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS
Summary
The article presents the subject of celibacy in the context of cultural chaos in sexual life, which we observe in the contemporary world. The sexuality, marked by the original sin, seems to be an ambiguous phenomenon: on the one hand, it is a sphere through which we can express our deep love towards the other person, but on the other hand, it is a sphere when we egoistically abuse the others. Because of this ambiguity, sexuality easily becomes a god for a person, taking real God's place in his heart. The Gospel gives people infinite freedom from everything, which is not God, also from sexual fulfilment. Then, the celibacy becomes the feature of every Christian, as they enjoy spiritual freedom and thus, they are ready to give up their sexual lives. Thanks to the freedom, given by the Holy Spirit, every Christian becomes a sign of the fact that only God himself can bring a person lasting and deep happiness.
odsłon: 492

Wiończyk, G., Teologia mowy. Między słownikiem a ontologią teologiczną, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 195-212
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THEOLOGY OF LANGUAGE. BETWEEN VOCABULARY AND THEOLOGICAL ONTOLOGY
Summary
Epistemological question posed by interpretive practice in theology, requires a supplement in the form of a covenant, which can be associated with the project of ontologization known from the history of hermeneutics. This makes us realize that theological language, understood as a system, in the technical meaning of the word, does not constitute a separate and self-protective speech about God. Language is only a system of meanings that is referring to itself. Its reference to reality, and therefore to the experience of God, is associated with the authorizing role of the community. Even the sacred texts as well as textual (in a narrow sense) testimonies in the Tradition, are not self-sufficient elements which can be deprived of their ecclesial and, because of it, experiential context. Otherwise, the Revelation would have to be limited to information only.
odsłon: 391

Zatwardnicki, S., Zachodni kamień węgielny pod chalcedoński drogowskaz kierujący ku tajemnicy Boga i człowieka, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 213-230
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WESTERN CORNERSTONE UNDER THE CHALCEDONIAN GUIDEPOST LEADING TO MYSTERY OF GOD AND A MAN
Summary
Contribution of the Western Church Christology summarized in Leo the Great's thought turned out to be crucial in formulating the Chalcedonian dogma. The pope's thought was formed also as a reaction to reflection of schools in Alexandra and Antioch. The article mentions the relation between the pope's Christology and soteriology. It stresses the role of Christ's humanity in salvation of a man. One may say that owing to Leo's "dyophysitic" Christology the Council Fathers affirmed the humanity of Christ. From that perspective the Chalcedon Council is not only a guidepost on the way leading to the mystery of Jesus Christ, but it also secondarily indicates the mystery of a man.
odsłon: 366

Zborowski, M., Teologia bliskości Boga - soteryjne implikacje bliskości Boga w Jezusie Chrystusie w Komentarzach i Homiliach do Ewangelii synoptycznych Orygenesa, Teologia w Polsce 9,2 (2015) s. 231-249
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THE THEOLOGY OF GOD'S CLOSENESS. SOTERIC IMPLICATIONS OF GOD'S CLOSENESS IN JESUS CHRIST IN THE COMMENTARIES AND HOMILIES TO ORIGEN'S SYNOPTIC GOSPELS
Summary
Jesus Christ is fullness of all Revelation (KO 2). What is the pure fact of His presence in the world? What are consequences of God's Son incarnation? Answers for these questions are already given by Origen in the third century who states that "the more faultless come to the less faultless to give them some kindness". Through mystery of Incarnation Jesus Christ comes, only by His presence, not to mention His words and deeds, to redeem and sacrifice the world and every man. Among these salutary advantages Origen mentions healing, extrication and sanctification. On the base of his interpretations he builds a theology of God's closeness in Jesus Christ and creates redemption categories expressed in scriptural language understandable for all believers.
odsłon: 543




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